FESTIVAL ZAJ 2, Madrid, 1966

Artists: Wolf Vostell, Juan Hidalgo (5/21), Walter Marchetti (5/22), Manuel Cortés (5/24), Eugenio de Vicente (5/25), Jose Cortés (5/27), Tomás Marco (5/28), ALAINELARIASMISSON (5/29),  Concert with Brecht, Chiari, Higgins, Kosugi, Ligeti, Maciunas, Patterson, Schommer, Shiomi, Watts, and Williams

Duration: May 2129, 1966

Dimensions: 12.4 x 7 cm; envelop 14.4 x 9.6 cm

Further Information: Founded by Juan Hidalgo and Walter Marchetti in Madrid in 1964 and based on the experimental traditions of John Cage, the ZAJ collective established the practices of happenings and performances in Spain as well as they were inherently connected with members of the international Fluxus movement. It included genres such as music and language, composition and actions, as well as it focused on art as a process rather than a concluded work of art.

The first festival of Zaj was organized during the months of November and December 1965 consisting of five concerts by Max Neuhaus and Juan Hidalgo, a party by Martín Chirino, and the musical journey Viaje a Almorox. The second edition of the festival took place at the Superior School of Architecture in Madrid including many international artists who exhibited for the first time in Spain. The motives of travel as reflected in the first edition’s works such as El recorrido japonés by Juan Hidalgo (1964) were also present at Zaj 2. The different cards invited the public to take part in or witness the events in various places spread in the entire city. At 10 am on 21st May 1966, Hidalgo invited the public to become part of a version of Walter Marchetti’s Quartetto nr. 2 (la caccia) at the lake in the Retiro Park in Madrid. Whereas the card Vuelta al mundo looked for participants to travel together around the world. (See Javier Ariza, Las imágenes del sonido: una lectura plurisensorial en el arte del siglo XX, 2003).

ZAJ was dissolved in 1993. More information can be found via Museo Reina Sofia, who dedicated a retrospective exhibition to the collective in the mid–1990s. museoreinasofia.es/en/exhibitions/zaj

HR

Images: Images of the invitation and all other archival documents shown on this page are part of the online collection of Archiv der Avantgarden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.

George BrechtGeorge MaciunasWolf Vostell


“ZAJ ES COMO UN BAR. LA GENTE ENTRA, SALE, ESTA; SE TOMAS UNA COPA Y DEJA UNA PROPINA.” WALTER MARCHETTI, MADRID, 1966

The ZAJ group was very established in the European and North American Fluxus movement and thus hosted several exhibition projects for them in Spain. An example of this is the invitation to an exhibition “ZAJ presenta: Alison Knowles and Dick Higgins” in 1966 at the Salón de Actos de la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura, Madrid. Organized or supposedly curated by Knowles and Higgins, the show included “propios de Robert Filliou, Robert Erebo, Joe Jones, George Brecht, Benjamin Patterson, Ben Vautier, Philip Corner, Al Hansen.” It opened on the November 12, 1966 at 6.30 p.m.

ZAJ presenta Alison Kowles & Dick Higgins, 1966, Madrid (Invitation); Archiv der Avantgarden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
ZAJ presenta Alison Kowles & Dick Higgins, 1966, Madrid (Invitation); Archiv der Avantgarden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden

UN HUEVO DE JUAN HIDALGO PARA LA PASCUA, ZAJ, MADRID, APRIL, 1968

"UN HUEVO DE JUAN HIDALGO PARA LA PASCUA", ZAJ, MADRID, APRIL 1968
UN HUEVO DE JUAN HIDALGO PARA LA PASCUA, ZAJ, MADRID, APRIL, 1968 © SKD

NOCHE, WALTER MARCHETTI, ZAJ, MADRID, 1968

"NOCHE", WALTER MARCHETTI, ZAJ, MADRID, 1968
“NOCHE”, WALTER MARCHETTI, ZAJ, MADRID, 1968 © SKD

A ZAJ SAMPLER, 1967 ( A GREAT BEAR PAMPHLET)

A ZAJ SAMPLER, 1967 ( A GREAT BEAR PAMPHLET)
A ZAJ SAMPLER, 1967 ( A GREAT BEAR PAMPHLET) © SKD