FESTIVAL ZAJ 2, Madrid, 1966
Artists: Wolf Vostell, Juan Hidalgo (5/21), Walter Marchetti (5/22), Manuel Cortés (5/24), Eugenio de Vicente (5/25), Jose Cortés (5/27), Tomás Marco (5/28), ALAINELARIASMISSON (5/29), Concert with Brecht, Chiari, Higgins, Kosugi, Ligeti, Maciunas, Patterson, Schommer, Shiomi, Watts, and Williams
Duration: May 21–29, 1966
Dimensions: 12.4 x 7 cm; envelop 14.4 x 9.6 cm
Further Information: Founded by Juan Hidalgo and Walter Marchetti in Madrid in 1964 and based on the experimental traditions of John Cage, the ZAJ collective established the practices of happenings and performances in Spain as well as they were inherently connected with members of the international Fluxus movement. It included genres such as music and language, composition and actions, as well as it focused on art as a process rather than a concluded work of art.
The first festival of Zaj was organized during the months of November and December 1965 consisting of five concerts by Max Neuhaus and Juan Hidalgo, a party by Martín Chirino, and the musical journey Viaje a Almorox. The second edition of the festival took place at the Superior School of Architecture in Madrid including many international artists who exhibited for the first time in Spain. The motives of travel as reflected in the first edition’s works such as El recorrido japonés by Juan Hidalgo (1964) were also present at Zaj 2. The different cards invited the public to take part in or witness the events in various places spread in the entire city. At 10 am on 21st May 1966, Hidalgo invited the public to become part of a version of Walter Marchetti’s Quartetto nr. 2 (la caccia) at the lake in the Retiro Park in Madrid. Whereas the card Vuelta al mundo looked for participants to travel together around the world. (See Javier Ariza, Las imágenes del sonido: una lectura plurisensorial en el arte del siglo XX, 2003).
ZAJ was dissolved in 1993. More information can be found via Museo Reina Sofia, who dedicated a retrospective exhibition to the collective in the mid–1990s. museoreinasofia.es/en/exhibitions/zaj
Images: Images of the invitation and all other archival documents shown on this page are part of the online collection of Archiv der Avantgarden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.