ART OF TOMORROW, Museum of Non-Objective Painting, New York, 1939
Artists (et al): Hans Arp, Rudolf Bauer, Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Fernand Léger, László Moholy-Nagy, Otto Nebel, Ben Nicholson, Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart, Hilla Rebay, Kurt Schwitters, Maria Helena Vieira da Silva (more than 400 works of art)
Venue: Museum of Non-Objective Painting (the precursor to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum), New York City
Opening: June 1, 1939
Dimensions: 18.4 x 18.2 cm (folded out 18.4 x 36.4 cm)
Further information: On June 1, 1939, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Collection of Non-Objective Painting in New York opened with its first exhibition, Art of Tomorrow. Taking place in a former car dealership at 24 East 54th Street, visitors were able to see European and American works of non-representational art, compiled by the artist, curator and the museum’s first director, Hilla von Rebay.
Ten years earlier, Rebay had convinced Solomon Guggenheim to begin collecting non-representational art. While such strikingly new artworks had already caused a sensation in Europe, in the US, the years following the Great Depression in the USA had seen focus largely shift towards art with social relevance. Despite this, Guggenheim and Rebay brought their forward-facing art to New York and the exhibition became legendary: with the opening of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Collection of Non-Objective Painting, Art of Tomorrow laid the foundation stone for the institution that was later renamed the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, which to this day remains one of America’s most significant art museums.
At that time, only a small but representative section of the Solomon R. Guggenheim collection could be shown in the limited space of the dealership. According to the exhibition catalog, the collection included 725 works in total, 215 paintings by Rudolf Bauer, and 104 pictures by Wassily Kandinsky. This curator’s artistic preference is evident on the invitation card: an oil painting by Bauer, titled No. 127, Orange Accent. The show featured several works by the two artists, as well as works by 24 others, including Hans Arp, Kurt Schwitters, Juan Gris, Fernand Léger, César Domela, László Moholy-Nagy, Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart, and Maria Helena Vieira da Silva. Hilla von Rebay also showed 14 of her own paintings in the exhibition under her curatorial direction.
The idiosyncratic presentation of the works, which followed Rebay’s spiritual understanding of non-representational painting, certainly contributed to Art of Tomorrow’s legendary reputation. On the back of the invitation card she wrote: “Non-objectivity is the realm of the spirit.” According to Robert Rosenblum, who attended the Museum of Non-Objective Painting as a teenager, music by Bach, Beethoven, and Chopin played during the opening event. Incense sticks were used in the gallery rooms. The walls of the exhibition rooms were covered with pleated, gray velour. Sofas in the rooms invited visitors to look closely at each work.
translated by SL
Further links: The exhibition catalogue has been digitalized and is accessible via: http://archive.org/stream/artoftomorrowfif1939gugg#mode/2up
Images: Images of the invitation and all other archival documents shown on this page are part of the online collection of Archiv der Avantgarden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.